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Cravens Family Papers, 1886-1982

Cravens Family Papers, 1886-1982

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Cravens Family Papers, 1886-1982 UALR.MS.0027

UALR Center for Arkansas History and Culture
401 President Clinton Avenue
Little Rock, AR, 72201
archives@ualr.edu



Profile Description

Creation: This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2012-08-02T16:56-0500

Repository: UALR Center for Arkansas History and Culture
Title: Cravens Family Papers, 1886-1982
Dates: Bulk, 1900-1940
Dates: 1886-1982
Quantity: 1.0 Linear feet2 document boxes
Identification: UALR.MS.0027
Language:

Arrangement

William Ben Cravens: Box 1, File 1-Box 2, File 2William Murphy Cravens: Box 2, File 3William Fadjo Cravens, Sr.: Box 2, Files 4-9Jordan E. Cravens: Box 2, File 11John Park Cravens: Box 2, File 12

Scope and Content

This collection contains materials related to the political and professional activities of William Ben Cravens, a Fort Smith attorney and congressman. The collection is largely composed of routine correspondence with Arkansas politicians, including Thaddeus H. Caraway, William F. Kirby, Thomas C. McRae, John E. Martineau, Hal L. Norwood, Harvey Parnell, Joe T. Robinson, Tom J. Terrall, and Otis Wingo. Also included in the collection are correspondence of William M. Cravens (Ben's father), Jordan E. Cravens (Ben's cousin), William Fadjo Cravens Sr. and Jr. (Ben's son and grandson). A file of printed materials authored by John Park Cravens (Ben's cousin) completes the collection.

This collection was originally numbered A-22.


Biographical Note

William Murphy Cravens, son of Jeremiah Cravens and Kitura Murphy, was born in Fredericktown, Missouri, and attended Fayetteville's Arkansas College before graduating from Cumberland University's law school in 1859. During the Civil War, he served in the Twenty-first Arkansas Infantry. In 1868, he moved to Fort Smith, Arkansas, where he established a law practice. He died ca. January 1919.

William Ben Cravens was born in Fort Smith, Arkansas, 1872 January 17. He attended military academies in Louisville and Staunton before graduating from the University of Missouri's Law Department in 1893. He practiced law in Fort Smith, serving as city attorney, 1898-1902, and prosecuting attorney for Arkansas' 12th Judicial District, 1902-1908. A Democrat, Cravens served in Congress from 1907 to 1913, and again from 1933 until his death on 1939 January 13.

Jordan Edgar Cravens was born in Fredericktown, Missouri, November 7, 1830, and was reared in Arkansas. After graduating from Cane Academy in 1850, he studied law. He practiced in Clarksville and was elected to the General Assembly in 1860. Cravens joined the Confederate Army in 1861 and was a colonel by 1862. He served as Johnson County prosecuting attorney, 1865-1866; state senator, 1866-1868; congressman, 1877-1883; and circuit court judge, 1890-1894. He died in Fort Smith, 1914 April 8.

William Fadjo Cravens was born in Fort Smith, Arkansas, 1899 February 15. He attended the University of Pennsylvania and served in the U.S. Navy during World War I. After graduating from Washington and Lee University's law school in 1920, he entered into partnership with his father. He was Fort Smith city attorney for ten years and was elected to Congress to fill the vacancy caused by his father's death in 1939. He served in Congress until 1949, when he resumed his Fort Smith law practice.

William Fadjo Cravens, Jr., was born 1929 January 28. A lifelong resident of Fort Smith, Arkansas, Cravens was the vice-president and marketing director of Merchants National Bank of Fort Smith. John Park Cravens, son of Robert Russell Cravens and Blanche Lane Conner, was born 1899 October 4 at Magazine, Arkansas. He attended Arkansas University and Ouachita College and served in the military during World War I. He was a freelance writer and a collector of Ozark folklore.


Cravens, Ben, 1872-1939
Cravens, Fadjo, 1899-1974
Cravens, William Fadjo, Jr., 1929-2012
Cravens, William Fadjo, Jr., 1929-2012, collector
Cravens, William M.
Fort Smith (Ark.)--History
Lawyers--Arkansas
Politicians--Arkansas
Sebastian County (Ark.)--History
Veterans--Confederate States of America

Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is available for viewing at the Arkansas Studies Institute.

Conditions Governing Use

The copyright law of the United States (Title 17-U.S. Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyrighted material.The person using this material is liable for any infringement.

Copyright for correspondence in the collections belongs to those correspondents or their beneficiaries. Persons wanting to re-use those materials are advised to obtain permission from copyright holders.


Administrative Information

Citation Notes

Bibliographic citation:

Cravens Family Papers, 1886-1982, UALR.MS.0027. UALR Center for Arkansas History and Culture, Arkansas Studies Institute, Little Rock.

Footnote or Endnote info:

Description of item, file number, box number, Cravens Family Papers, 1886-1982, UALR.MS.0027


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