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Logan H. Roots Papers, 1843-1966

Logan H. Roots Papers, 1843-1966

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Logan H. Roots Papers, 1842-1966 UALR.MS.0079

UALR Center for Arkansas History and Culture
401 President Clinton Avenue
Little Rock, AR, 72201
archives@ualr.edu



Profile Description

Creation: This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2013-09-16T11:26-0500

Repository: UALR Center for Arkansas History and Culture
Title: Logan H. Roots Papers, 1843-1966
Dates: 1842-1966
Quantity: 1.5 Linear feet; 3 document boxes
Identification: UALR.MS.0079
Language:

Scope and Content Note

This collection chiefly consists of original and photocopied letters written to Logan Roots during the Civil War and Reconstruction. Roots's papers also include commissions, financial items, original photographs, and genealogical material concerning the Roots family.

Antebellum correspondence includes a letter of January 1843 discussing politics and the temperance movement. Civil War correspondence contains letters by individuals throughout the United States written to Roots while he was serving as a quartermaster in the 81st Illinois infantry regiment. The unit was organized in August of 1862 and saw action during the Vicksburg siege of 1863 and and the Red River campaign of spring 1864. The regiment was ordered to Memphis, Tennessee, in June 1864.

Roots's correspondence from 1864 concerns the reelection of Abraham Lincoln, race, and the copperheads. Letters of 1865 January-May, written to Roots while he was stationed in Savannah, Georgia, after its fall to Sherman in December 1864, includes discussion of the Tennessee state constitution, the murder of President Lincoln, the surrender of Robert E. Lee's forces, and African American Union soldiers. Correspondence also discusses Andersonville prison and news of the Sultana explosion.

Correspondence of 1866-1867 concerns Roots's work while living in De Valls Bluff, Arkansas, concerning the cotton market, state politics, and the Ku Klux Klan. Letters of 1868 discuss the impeachment of Andrew Johnson, Ku Klux Klan activities, the Republican Party, and the readmission of Arkansas into the Union. Correspondence of July-December includes a reporter at the Free Press (an African American newspaper in Madison, Arkansas) discussing Joseph Brooks' troops stationed in Arkansas; the assassination of Dr. A. M. Johnson, violence by former Confederates in Arkansas, and the assassination of James Hinds.

Correspondence of 1869 includes items written to Roots while serving in the U.S. Congress, discussing such issues as Governor Clayton and the Republicans, public schooling in Illinois, and the fighting in Helena during the Civil War. Letters also include negative opinions of Andrew Johnson, militias attempting to restore law amid Ku Klux Klan violence, the construction of the levees along the Mississippi River, and Ulysses S. Grant becoming president. Photographs include original images of Logan H. Roots, fellow Union officers, and family members.


Biographical Note

Logan Roots was born at Tamaroa, Illinois, on 1841 March 26. In 1858, Roots entered Illinois Normal University, but in 1862, he enlisted in the 81st Illinois Regiment of Infantry Volunteers. Because of his business qualifications, he was appointed quartermaster, but he was later transferred to the Commissary Department of the Army, where he served for the duration of the war.

Roots served as one of William Sherman's staff officers. In the summer of 1865, he moved to Arkansas, settling in De Valls Bluff. He owned a plantation there and was appointed collector of Internal Revenue until he was elected to Congress in 1867, serving two terms. In 1871, he married Emily Blakslee. Roots later served as president of the First National Bank of Little Rock. He died 1893 May 30.


African Americans--Arkansas--History
Clayton, Powell, 1833-1914
Helena (Ark.)--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Hinds, James, 1833-1868
Johnson, Andrew, 1808-1875
Ku Klux Klan (19th cent.)--Arkansas
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865--Assassination
Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)--Arkansas--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Roots, Logan H. (Logan Holt), 1841-1893
Ross, Frances, donor
Sherman, William (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891
United States. Army--Officers--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.

Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is available for viewing at the Arkansas Studies Institute.

Conditions Governing Use note

The copyright law of the United States (Title 17-U.S. Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyrighted material. The person using this material is liable for any infringement.

Copyright for correspondence in the collections belongs to those correspondents or their beneficiaries. Persons wanting to re-use those materials are advised to obtain permission from copyright holders.


Administrative Information

Citation Notes

Bibliographic citation:

Logan H. Roots Papers, 1842-1966, UALR.MS.0079. UALR Center for Arkansas History and Culture, Arkansas Studies Institute, Little Rock.

Footnote or Endnote info:

Description of item, box number, file number, UALR.MS.0079, Logan H. Roots Papers, 1842-1966.


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