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Trulock Family Letters, 1837-1855

Trulock Family Letters, 1837-1855

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Trulock Family Letters, 1837-1855 UALR.MS.0046

UALR Center for Arkansas History and Culture
401 President Clinton Avenue
Little Rock, AR, 72201

Profile Description

Creation: This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2012-09-28T10:58-0500
Language: English

Repository: UALR Center for Arkansas History and Culture
Title: Trulock Family Letters, 1837-1855
Dates: 1837-1855
Quantity: 0.5 Linear feet1 document box
Identification: UALR.MS.0046


By author, then chronologically within.

Scope and Content

This collection contains photocopied correspondence of James Hines Trulock, Amanda Beardsley Trulock, and their slaves, Reuben and Orrin. The letters were written from Georgia and Jefferson County, Arkansas, to the Beardsley family in Bridgeport, Connecticut.

This collection was originally numbered A-43.

Biographical Note

James Hines Trulock was born on 1799 September 22 in Darlington District, South Carolina. He was the oldest son of Sutton and Mary Hines Trulock. His family moved to Pulaski County, Georgia, when he was three-years old. Sutton Trulock, Sr., died in 1818, and James and his brother, Sutton Trulock, Jr., moved to Blakely near Fort Gaines in southwest Georgia in 1826. On a trip to Bridgeport, Connecticut [perhaps to buy cotton gin machinery], he was introduced to Amanda Beardsley. Amanda was born on 1811 April 22 in Bridgeport to Nichols and Polly Burton Beardsley.

On 1837 October 4, James Hines Trulock and Amanda Beardsley were married in Bridgeport and went to live at "Magnolia Place" near Blakely, Georgia. A daughter, Victoria, was born in 1839, followed in 1840 by a son, Van Buren, changed later to Nichols B. and Marcia, born in 1841, died in infancy.

In the early 1840s, Trulock journeyed to Jefferson County, Arkansas, to purchase farm land. After correspondence with Garland Hardwick, who lived near Pine Bluff, Trulock bought land on the Arkansas River just east of Atkins Lake, about six miles from Pine Bluff. (The Trulock family has the original letter written 1844 September 8 to Trulock by Hardwick.) On the last Sunday in 1844, James Hines and Amanda loaded their four children (Victoria, Van Buren/Nichols, Marcia, and Mary), their slaves, and their belongings on a river boat and went down the Chattahoochee River to Apalachicola. After several days delay, they took a boat to New Orleans and from there a river packet to their new land on the Arkansas. Their baby daughter, Mary, died on January 25 while they were on their way up the Mississippi. The Trulocks preserved the body in whiskey until they reached their landing on 1845 January 30. After settling down in their new home, they had two more sons: Marshall, born in 1848, and James Hines, born in 1849.

During Christmas 1849, a few months after his fiftieth birthday, James Hines Trulock died after a brief illness following what may have been a cerebral hemorrhage. Amanda was left with five children. She also had about 45 slaves and 2000 acres of land. With the help of Reuben, a slave whom Amanda had taught to read and write, she ran the plantation from 1849 through the Civil War. In 1867, Amanda moved back to Bridgeport after 30 years of plantation life in the South. She lived with her sister, Marcia, until her death in 1891.

Plantation life--Arkansas--History--19th century
Ross, Frances, donor
Slaves--United States--Correspondence
Trulock, Amanda Beardsley, 1811-1891
Trulock, James Hines, 1799-1849
Trulock, Walter, donor
Women plantation owners--Arkansas


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is available for viewing at the Arkansas Studies Institute.

Conditions Governing Use

The copyright law of the United States (Title 17-U.S. Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyrighted material. The person using this material is liable for any infringement. Copyright for correspondence in the collections belongs to those correspondents or their beneficiaries. Persons wanting to re-use those materials are advised to obtain permission from copyright holders.

Administrative Information

Citation Notes

Bibliographic citation:

Trulock Family Letters, 1837-1855, UALR.MS.0046. UALR Center for Arkansas History and Culture, Arkansas Studies Institute, Little Rock.

Footnote or Endnote Information:

Description of item, file number, box number, Trulock Family Letters, 1837-1855, UALR.MS.0046.

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