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Brooks-Baxter War photograph collection

Brooks-Baxter War photograph collection

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Finding aid for the Brooks-Baxter War photograph collection

Butler Center for Arkansas Studies
100 Rock Street
Little Rock, Arkansas, 72201
(501) 320-5700

April 23, 2013



Profile Description

Creation: This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2013-11-14T13:43-0600
Language: English

Repository: Butler Center for Arkansas Studies
Creator:Central Arkansas Library System. Butler Center for Arkansas Studies. (Little Rock, Ark.)
Title: Brooks-Baxter War photograph collection
Dates: 1874
Quantity: 0.42 Linear feet
Abstract:This collection contains a photograph related to the Brooks-Baxter War.
Identification: BC.PHO.3.B
Language: English

Arrangement

This collection currently contains only one item.

Scope and Contents

This collection contains a photograph related to the Brooks-Baxter War.


Biographical Information

The Brooks-Baxter War was a violent conflict between supporters of two rival candidates for Arkansas governor - Joseph Brooks and Elisha Baxter. The conflict stemmed from the 1872 gubernatorial election when two groups of Arkansas Republicans, the Minstrels and the Brindletails, nominated separate candidates (Baxter and Brooks, respectively). The election was plagued with widespread corruption and, although modern scholarship suggests Brooks was the winner, the state election commission certified Baxter who then took office on January 6, 1873 (despite an impending challenge from Brooks).

After Baxter transferred the state printing contract from John McClure's Daily Republican to the Arkansas Gazette to gain the support of Democrats, McClure aligned with the state attorney general and started legal proceedings to instate Brooks as governor. This failed. By March 1874, Baxter had lost the support of the Republican party whose leaders then pushed for Brooks to mount another legal challenge. When Baxter's attorney did not appear before the court, the judge named Brooks as governor and he was quickly sworn in by McClure in his role as chief justice of the Arkansas supreme court (as he had done for Baxter in 1873). Violence broke out in Little Rock and across the state killing approximately 50-200 men. The conflict was only resolved when the federal government intervened. Baxter was declared governor, effectively ending Reconstruction in Arkansas.


Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.

Baxter, Elisha, 1827-1899
Brooks, Joseph, 1821-1877
Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877) Arkansas.

Restrictions

Restrictions on Use

Unrestricted access. To avoid excessive handling of the photographs, researchers should utilize the photocopies available in the Arkansas Studies Institute research room before requesting original items.

Restrictions on Use

Non-circulating, in-house use only.

Photographs from the Butler Center for Arkansas Studies' collections are publicly available for use in research, teaching, and private study. Items may be protected by the U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) or additional restrictions. Any transmission or reproduction of a protected item requires the express permission of the Butler Center for Arkansas Studies.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Photograph Title], PHO.3.B.[#], Butler Center for Arkansas Studies, Arkansas Studies Institute

Acquisition Information

Photographs in this collection were donated by various donors and purchased by the Butler Center for Arkansas Studies.


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