Butler Center for Arkansas Studies 100 Rock Street Little Rock, Arkansas, 72201 (501) 320-5700
September 20, 2011
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Butler Center for Arkansas Studies
Citizens' Military Training Camp photograph album
0.5 Linear feet
This collection contains a small album with photographs of the Citizens' Military Training Camp at Camp Pike, Arkansas, in August 1921.
This collection is arranged chronologically.
Scope and Contents
This is one book of photographs belonged to an unknown young man named Sam. This young man, his mother (Bertha) and his friends are featured in fifteen photographs from the early twentieth century. The remainder of the book, sixteen photographs, are from the young man’s participation in the Citizens’ Military Training Camp at Camp Pike, Arkansas.
Citizens' Military Training Camps were authorized by the National Defense Act of 1920 (Kahn Act) as an alternative to conscription. Through the program, volunteers received military training and had the opportunity to receive an officer's commission. The CMTC differed from the National Guard because participants were not subject to a call to active duty or obligated to continue their military service, although it was expected that the trainees would later enlist.
The CMTC lasted thirty days and were held annually each summer from 1921 and 1940 at approximately 50 Army bases across the United States. When the CMTC was first established three courses - the Red, the White, the Blue - were offered, but a fourth course - the Basic - was later added. Teenagers and young men could enroll in the beginning course, provided they were in good health. The White Course was designed for those who wished to become non-commissioned officers. The Blue Course was designed for those who wanted achieve reserve officer status. All expenses were paid by the military; this included all travel expenses, uniforms, medical expenses, and meals.
The owner of this photograph album (known only as "Sam") served in the 2nd Platoon, Company F at the a CMTC at Camp Pike, Arkansas, in 1921. This camp was commissioned August 1, 1921, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Elliot M. Norton of the 4th Army Infantry, and decommissioned August 21, 1921. Notably, future President Harry S. Truman, then a Colonel in the Army Reserves, served as commander of the Camp Pike CMTC in 1933.
"Sam" is one of 589 young men to participate in the Citizens' Military Training Camp offered at Camp Pike in 1921. Although official records are sparse, an estimated 400,000 young men participated in at least one summer of training nationally.
This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.
Camp Pike (Ark.) -- History -- 20th century.
Little Rock (Ark.)
United States. Army.
United States. War Dept. Citizens' Military Training Camps.
Restrictions on Access
Restrictions on Use
Non-circulating, in-house use only.
Citizens' Military Training Camp photograph album, MSS.10.02, Butler Center for Arkansas Studies, Arkansas Studies Institute