Butler Center for Arkansas Studies 100 Rock Street Little Rock, Arkansas, 72201 (501) 320-5700
October 10, 2007
Butler Center for Arkansas Studies
Miller, Edna Augusta
Edna A. Miller collection
2.8 Linear feet
This small collection includes materials pertaining to the Rohwer Relocation Center for Japanese-Americans in World War II and personal memorabilia of Edna A. Miller, who was senior clerk-stenographer for Project Director Ray D. Johnston.
This collection is arranged topically and chronologically. Box 1 contains relocation center materials. Box 2 contains additional center materials and personal materials of Ms. Miller. Box 3 contains photographs, and Box 4 contains maps.
Scope and Contents
This small collection includes materials pertaining to the Rohwer Relocation Center for Japanese-Americans in World War II and personal memorabilia of Edna A. Miller, who was senior clerk-stenographer for Project Director Ray D. Johnston. Included are camp newspapers, yearbooks, photographs, and other miscellaneous documents.
On March 18, 1942, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9102, creating the War Relocation Authority, which would supervise relocation of all persons of Japanese descent from the West Coast. Within days, thousands of Japanese-Americans had been forced from their homes and removed to assembly centers. From there they would be shipped by train to relocation centers in other parts of the country. Southeast Arkansas had two such relocation centers, one at Rohwer and one at Jerome.
Construction began on the Rohwer Relocation Center on July 31, 1942. Evacuees began arriving on September 18, before the center was finished. The center, or camp, occupied five hundred acres in Desha County, much of it swampland, which was divided into numbered blocks. Each residence block contained ten to fourteen tar-papered, A-frame buildings, or barracks. Each building housed four to six families in "apartments." In addition to the barracks, each block contained a mess hall, a laundry, and a bath house. (There was no running water in the barracks.) The center also had a school, a hospital, an auditorium, a fire station, recreation facilities, administration buildings, and employee barracks.
War Relocation Authority records show a peak population of 8,475 people at the Rohwer center. A total of 11, 962 people passed through the center at some point. There were 417 births and 168 deaths. The Rohwer Relocation Center closed November 30, 1945.
This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.
Japanese Americans -- Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945.
Miller, Edna Augusta
Rohwer Relocation Center (Ark.)
Restrictions on Access
Restrictions on Use
Non-circulating, in-house use only. The Butler Center does not hold the copyright to this collection. Researchers wishing to reproduce items for publication must receive permission from the donor.
Edna A. Miller collection, MSS.02.05, Butler Center for Arkansas Studies, Arkansas Studies Institute
Donated by Sue and Danny Gildner, February 22, 2002