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Jefferson and Mary Burnell Robinson Civil War collection

Jefferson and Mary Burnell Robinson Civil War collection

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Open Finding Aid

Finding aid for the Jefferson and Mary Burnell Robinson collection

BC.MSS.04.03

Butler Center for Arkansas Studies
100 Rock Street
Little Rock, Arkansas, 72201
(501) 320-5700
arkinfo@cals.org

May 22, 2007



Repository: Butler Center for Arkansas Studies
Creator:Robinson, Jefferson, 1835-1903
Title: Jefferson and Mary Burnell Robinson Civil War collection
Dates: 1864-1867
Quantity: 0.5 Linear feet
Abstract:This collection contains the Civil War journal of Jefferson Robinson of the 54th United States Colored Infantry and correspondence between Robinson and his fiance Mary Burnell.
Identification: BC.MSS.04.03
Language: English
Permanent URL:http://purl.oclc.org/arstudies/bc-mss-0403

Arrangement

This collection is arranged topically in one box.


Scope and Contents

This collection contains the Civil War journal of Jefferson Robinson of the 54th United States Colored Infantry and correspondence between Robinson and his fiance Mary Burnell.


Biographical Information

Jefferson Robinson was born May 4, 1835, in Bath, Steuben County, New York. When he was a young boy, his family moved to Kane County, Illinois. At the age of fourteen, Robinson relocated to Wisconsin to apprentice as a wood turner. He later entered Rush Medical College in Chicago, but withdrew at the outbreak of the Civil War.

Robinson enlisted in the 52nd Illinois Infantry Regiment on September 11, 1861. He served as a private until March 1864, when he was promoted to hospital steward and transferred to the 2nd Arkansas Colored Infantry Regiment, later designated the 54th United States Colored Infantry. The diary begins in February 1864, as Robinson is journeying from Louisville, Kentucky, to Helena. Robinson was later transferred to Little Rock, where he served at the post hospital. He also spent some time at Fort Smith and Fort Gibson, Indian Territory. On March 21, 1865, Gibson was promoted to 2nd Lieutenant. The diary ends as he returns to Little Rock in April 1865.

Mary Burnell was born in Elyria, Ohio, on November 13, 1840, to Levi and Fanny Burnell. The family moved to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in 1853. Mary served for two and a half years with the United States Christian Commission, first in Memphis and then in Little Rock. She and Jefferson Robinson met at the Little Rock rooms of the Commission in the winter of 1865-1866. The correspondence contained in the collection begins when the Little Rock station closed in April 1866, and Mary left to go home.

Robinson officially mustered out in August 1866. Following his discharge, Robinson returned to Rush Medical College, finishing in January 1867. He and Mary married in Milwaukee on February 9, 1867, and moved to Manhattan, Kansas, where he established his practice. The couple had seven children, and Robinson became a prominent member of the community. Jefferson died November 20, 1903; Mary died February 4, 1928.


Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.

Arkansas -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Medical care
Robinson, Jefferson, 1835-1903
Robinson, Mary Burnell, 1840-1928
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Medical care
United States Christian Commission.
United States. Army. Arkansas Colored Infantry Regiment, 2nd. (1863-1864)
United States. Army. Colored Infantry Regiment, 54th. (1864-1866)

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Unrestricted access.

Restrictions on Use

Non-circulating, in-house use only.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Jefferson and Mary Burnell Robinson collection, MSS.04.03, Butler Center for Arkansas Studies, Arkansas Studies Institute

Acquisition Information

Diary donated by Fred Henker, 2003. Letters purchased, 2014.


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