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Roger Q. Mills Civil War letter

Roger Q. Mills Civil War letter

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Finding aid for the Roger Q. Mills Civil War letter


Butler Center for Arkansas Studies
100 Rock Street
Little Rock, Arkansas, 72201
(501) 320-5700

November 28, 2015

Repository: Butler Center for Arkansas Studies
Creator:Central Arkansas Library System. Butler Center for Arkansas Studies. (Little Rock, Ark.)
Title: Roger Q. Mills Civil War letter
Dates: September 5, 1862
Quantity: 0.21 Linear feet
Abstract:This collection contains four pages of a letter by Colonel Roger Q. Mills of the 10th Texas Infantry to his father-in-law, "General" Henry Jones, at Corsicana, Texas.
Identification: BC.MSS.13.78
Language: English


This collection is contained in two files.

Scope and Contents

This collection contains four pages of a letter by Colonel Roger Q. Mills of the 10th Texas Infantry, addressed "Dear General." The letter ends in mid-sentence, and the signature page is missing. Background research identifies Colonel Mills as the author and his father-in-law, Henry Jones, whose informal title related to his service in the home militia, as the recipient. A partial transcription of the letter is included.

Biographical Information

Roger Quarles Mills, born March 20, 1832, in Todd County, Kentucky, was the eighth of eleven children of Charles H. Mills and Tabitha Buckner Daniel. At the age of seventeen, he followed his sister Sarah to Texas and read law under her husband, Reuben A. Reeves.

Mills passed the bar in 1852 and moved to Corsicana in Navarro County to establish his practice. He married Caroline "Carrie" Jones on January 7, 1855. The couple had four daughters and one son. Mills was active in politics, serving as delegate in the 1856 Know-Nothing Party convention. In 1859, he ran for the state legislature as a states' right Democrat. Following the election of Abraham Lincoln, Mills worked for Texas secession.

In the summer of 1861 Mills enlisted as a private in the Third Texas Cavalry, and fought at the Battle of Wilson's Creek. In the fall he returned to Texas where he was appointed lieutenant colonel in 10th Texas Infantry, which was organized by his fellow legislator Allison Nelson.

The regiment was at Little Rock in the summer of 1862 and moved to Camp Hope near Austin, Arkansas, in mid-August. The unit suffered many losses due to illness. In October, Mills was promoted to colonel, and after Nelson died of fever, he took command of the regiment.

Captured at the Battle of Arkansas Post, Mills and his men were taken to Camp Chase in Ohio. They were exchanged at City Point, Virginia, in April 1863. The 10th Texas Infantry participated in several major battles in the remaining years of the war. Mills was injured first at Missionary Ridge and later at the Battle of Atlanta, effectively ending his military career.

Mills returned to Texas and took up his law practice, as well as his political career. In 1872 he was elected to Congress, where he was best known for promoting reduced tariffs. In 1892 he was appointed to complete an unfinished Senate term, and he was elected for a full term the following year. He retired from the Senate in March 1899 and returned to Texas. He died there on September 2, 1911.

Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.

Arkansas -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
Batesville (Ark.)
Camp Hope [aka Camp Nelson], Ark.
Confederate States of America. Army. Texas Infantry Regiment, 10th.
Corsicana (Tex.)
Hindman, Thomas H., 1828-1868
Holmes, T. H. (Theophilus Hunter), 1804-1880
Jones, Ann
Jones, Francis
Jones, Henry, 1807-1888
Little Rock (Ark.) -- History -- 19th Century
McBride, James H., 1814-1864
Mills, Caroline Jones, 1837-1907
Mills, Charles, 1828-1862
Mills, Roger Q., 1832-1911
Price, Sterling, 1809-1867
Reeves, Reuben A., 1821-1908
Reeves, Sarah Mills, 1826-1889


Restrictions on Access

Unrestricted access.

Restrictions on Use

Non-circulating, in-house use only.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Roger Q. Mills Civil War letter, MSS.13.78, Butler Center for Arkansas Studies, Arkansas Studies Institute

Acquisition Information

Purchased, December 9, 2013

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