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Address of Brigadier General Francis J. Herron

Address of Brigadier General Francis J. Herron

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Open Finding Aid

Finding aid for the Address of Brigadier General Francis J. Herron

BC.MSS.13.81

Butler Center for Arkansas Studies
100 Rock Street
Little Rock, Arkansas, 72201
(501) 320-5700
arkinfo@cals.org

November 28, 2015



Repository: Butler Center for Arkansas Studies
Creator:Central Arkansas Library System. Butler Center for Arkansas Studies. (Little Rock, Ark.)
Title: Address of Brigadier General Francis J. Herron
Dates: 1862
Quantity: 0.21 Linear feet
Abstract:This collection contains a message written on December 10, 1862, by Brigadier General Francis J. Herron to those troops who served under him at the Battle of Prairie Grove.
Identification: BC.MSS.13.81
Language: English

Arrangement

This collection is contained in one file.


Scope and Contents

This collection contains a message written on December 10, 1862, by Brigadier General Francis J. Herron to those troops who served under him at the Battle of Prairie Grove. A transcription is included.


Biographical Information

Francis Herron was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on February 17, 1837, and moved to Dubuque, Iowa, in 1855 to work with his brothers in a bank. In 1859 he formed a militia unit called the Governor's Grays. On May 14, 1861, his unit joined the army as Company I of the 1st Iowa Infantry, a ninety-day unit.

Herron subsequently became lieutenant colonel of the 9th Iowa Infantry. His new regiment played a critical role at the Battle of Pea Ridge. On July 16, 1862, Herron was promoted to brigadier general, and on October 12, 1862, he assumed command of the 3rd Division of the Army of the Frontier. At the beginning of December 1862, when he was called to reinforce the 1st Division of the Army at Cane Hill, Ark., he also commanded the Army's 2nd Division.

Herron and his troops made a forced march of over 100 miles in three days in an effort to reach Cane Hill before the anticipated Confederate attack. Learning about the approach of Herron's divisions, the Southern commanders decided to bypass General Blunt's forces at Cane Hill and intercept the reinforcements. The battle happened on December 7 at Prairie Grove in Washington County, with Herron's divisions taking the brunt of the attack.

Although in danger of being defeated, Herron's forces held on until Gen. Blunt was able to come to his aid in the afternoon. The Battle of Prairie Grove lasted about ten hours, with enormous casualties on both sides. The Confederates under General Thomas Hindman lost 1,500 out of a force of 10,000. Union losses numbered 1,250 out of about 8,000 troops. This address by General Herron commends the men of his 2nd and 3rd Divisions for their valiant fighting.

Herron was appointed major general on March 10, 1863, and served in Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas before leaving the army on June 7, 1865. He settled in Louisiana, where he practiced law and served as tax collector in New Orleans. In 1877 he moved to New York City, where he died on January 8, 1902.


Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.

Arkansas -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
Herron, Francis J., 1837-1902
Prairie Grove, Battle of, Ark., 1862
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
United States. Army of the Frontier.

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Unrestricted access.

Restrictions on Use

Non-circulating, in-house use only.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Address of Brigadier General Francis J. Herron, MSS.13.81, Butler Center for Arkansas Studies, Arkansas Studies Institute

Acquisition Information

Purchased, December 1, 2013


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