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Jared C. Martin family papers

Jared C. Martin family papers

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Finding aid for the Jared C. Martin family papers


Butler Center for Arkansas Studies
100 Rock Street
Little Rock, Arkansas, 72201
(501) 320-5700

November 1, 2011

Repository: Butler Center for Arkansas Studies
Creator:Martin, Jared Carswell, 1806-1857
Title: Jared C. Martin family papers
Dates: 1824-1891
Quantity: 1.83 Linear feet
Abstract:This collection contains correspondence of and other documents related to Jared Carswell Martin, an early Arkansas settler, and his family.
Identification: BC.MSS.05.01
Language: English


The correspondence is arranged chronologically, followed by other documents arranged topically and chronologically.

Scope and Contents

The correspondence in this collection documents life in antebellum Arkansas. It ranges from 1824 to 1882, with the largest concentration of letters written in 1830s-1850s, and relates to the extended family of Jared C. Martin. A large portion of the correspondence is personal and addressed to Jared C. Martin. Most of the personal correspondence deals with health, family relations, finances, and the state of the crops. Many of the letters talk about local and state politics, as many members of the Martin family were involved in state-level Democratic politics. Jared C. Martin was a religious man and a few of the letters deal with his involvement with the church. Notably, two letters are from James Wilson Moore (1797-1873), the father of Presbyterian Church in Arkansas. Another letter of note is a piece of constituent correspondence regarding traveling ministers addressed to Jared C. Martin, John W. Cocke, and P. T. Crutchfield, Pulaski County Representatives in the Arkansas House from 1842-1844.

This collection also contains genealogical information, photographs, and other documents related to the Martin family.

Biographical Information

Jared Carswell Martin, the son of Irish immigrants John and Elizabeth Allen Martin, was born October 11, 1806, in the Cherokee Indian Nation, Georgia. He spent the majority of his childhood in Cape Girardeau, Missouri, before relocating to Little Rock, Arkansas Territory, around 1821. Jared operated a ferry on the Arkansas River with his brother, James Hutcherson Martin, and spent two years carrying mail between Little Rock and the Arkansas Post. Jared served as Pulaski County treasurer from 1840-1842, as a Pulaski County representative in the Arkansas legislature from 1842-1844, and as state treasurer from 1843-1845.

Jared married Mary "Polly" Douglas on January 25, 1827. The couple had eleven children - John Douglas (1828-1833), James Allen (1830-1905), Mary (1833), Elizabeth Allen (1834-1868), William Andrew (1837-1910), Sallie Bell (1840-1852), Emily Sophia (1842-1868), Mary Douglas (1845-1926), Martha Jane (1848), Jared Carswell (1850-1918), and Henry Gibson (1853-1936). Both Mary and Martha Jane died in infancy. The Martin family settled in Fourche Bayou near Little Rock and set up a farm. Jared Carswell Martin died November 7, 1857.

Jared had nine siblings - Samuel (1786-1790), Margarette Jane (1787-1811), John III (1789-1864), Elizabeth (1791-1792), Andrew (1793-1834), James Hutcherson (1796-1926), Sarah (1797), Mary Ann (1799-1805), and Allen (1801-1875).

Margarett Jane Martin married Samuel C. Dunn in 1808 and had two sons, William M. and Samuel. After her death in 1811, the Dunn family settled near Memphis, Tennessee. There are several letters from the Dunn family, particularly William M. Dunn, in this collection.

John Martin III married Rebecca Caldwell in 1817 and the couple had nine children - Hutcherson, Mary Allen, Nancy Jane, Franklin Allen, John William, Samuel, Thomas Jefferson, Elizabeth Mahala, and James Jared. In 1818, the family relocated to Fulton, Arkansas, for a short time before settling near Jackson, Missouri, in 1820. John served in the Missouri legislature from 1829-1836. In 1840, John returned to Arkansas and settled in Poke Bayou near Batesville where he served as postmaster from 1848-1862. John Martin III died September 27, 1864.

Andrew Martin married Sarah Farrar in Missouri in 1816 and the couple had seven children - John Farrar, Fanny Elizabteh, Sara Jane, Richard Allen, Robert Andrew, Martha Margaret, and James Hutcherson. Andrew Martin died September 6, 1843. Sara Jane Martin married Charles Cook. There are several letters from Cook in this collection.

James Hutcherson Martin married Martha Daniels in Arkansas in 1920. The couple had two children who did not survive to adulthood. James operated a ferry on the Arkansas River and an inn on the north side of the river across from Little Rock. He died in February 1826.

Allen Martin relocated to Little Rock with his brother Jared. He married Mahala Rowland in 1930 and had one child, John Rowland. After Mahala's death, Allen married her sister, Maria Rowland, in 1842. Allen served as Pulaski County surveyor from 1825-1830, as a member of the Arkansas Territorial Legislative Council from 1831-1833, and as Pulaski County sheriff from 1836-1838. Allen later relocated to Texas and died in 1875.

For more information about the Martin family history, see Box 1, Files 73-75.

Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.

Agriculture -- Arkansas
Arkansas -- History -- 19th century
Arkansas -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
Arkansas -- Politics and government
Arkansas Territory
Arkansas. Treasurer of State
Fourche Bayou (Ark.)
Little Rock (Ark.)
Martin family
Martin, Jared Carswell, 1806-1857
Memphis (Tenn.)
Slavery -- Arkansas


Restrictions on Access

Unrestricted access.

Restrictions on Use

Non-circulating, in-house use only.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Jared C. Martin family papers, MSS.05.01, Butler Center for Arkansas Studies, Arkansas Studies Institute

Acquisition Information

Purchased, 2005

Related Material

Additional information about the Martin family can be found in UALR.0051 Martin Family Papers, a collection at the UALR Center for Arkansas History and Culture in the Arkansas Studies Institute. This collection contains photocopies of original documents at the Louisiana State University at Shreveport.

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