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John H. Dawson papers

John H. Dawson papers

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Finding aid for the John H. Dawson papers

BC.MSS.13.26

Butler Center for Arkansas Studies
100 Rock Street
Little Rock, Arkansas, 72201
(501) 320-5700
arkinfo@cals.org

September 10, 2013



Repository: Butler Center for Arkansas Studies
Creator:Dawson, John H., b. ca. 1827
Title: John H. Dawson papers
Dates: 1845-1910
Quantity: 1.21 Linear feet
Abstract:This collection contains financial records from the operation of Dawson and Pipkin, a cotton factor and merchandising firm operating in New Orleans and Arkansas in the 1840s and 1850s, and material related to the operation of a cotton gin by Lawrence E. Dawson and later his son, John H. Dawson, in Ouachita County, Arkansas, ca. 1890 to 1910.
Identification: BC.MSS.13.26
Language: English

Arrangement

This collection is arranged chronologically and by type of artifact.


Scope and Contents

This collection contains financial records from the operation of Dawson and Pipkin, a cotton factor and merchandising firm operating in New Orleans and Arkansas in the 1840s and 1850s. The Dawson and Pipkin books record shipments of cotton to New Orleans and goods and supplies to Arkansas, including the names of steamboats and the dates and content of the shipments. Specific transactions include, among others, the sale of slaves, purchases of clothing and other items for the slaves, hiring the work of slaves, and goods and supplies for sale in Arkansas. Other material in the collection relates to the operation of a cotton gin by Lawrence E. Dawson and later his son, John H. Dawson, in Ouachita County, Arkansas, ca. 1890 to 1910.


Biographical Information

The firm of Dawson and Pipkin was active for eight to ten years as cotton factors and wholesale merchants. They operated mainly between New Orleans and Camden, Arkansas, shipping goods and supplies up the Ouachita River, and shipping cotton back to New Orleans. Partners in the firm were John H. Dawson and John F. Pipkin.

John H. and Lawrence E. Dawson were born to a prominent Charleston, South Carolina, family. Their parents, Lawrence E. and Mary Rhodes Dawson, relocated the family to Dallas County, Alabama, in 1842. Lawrence Dawson later located in Ouachita County, Arkansas, where he had a plantation, while his brother John H. located in New Orleans and became the senior partner of Dawson and Pipkin.

John F. Pipkin, born in 1809 in South Carolina, also settled in Alabama about 1840. He and his family later moved to Ouachita County, Arkansas, where he entered into partnership with John H. Dawson. In about 1853, his family moved to Texas, where Pipkin farmed and became a Methodist minister.

Lawrence E. Dawson continued to farm in the Buena Vista community of Ouachita County until his death in 1897. He and his son (also John H. Dawson) operated a cotton gin, which continued in operation in 1910.


Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.

Camden (Ark.)
Commission merchants -- Louisiana -- New Orleans
Cotton farmers -- Arkansas
Dawson, John H., b. ca. 1827
Dawson, John Huger, 1860-1946
Dawson, Lawrence E., 1831-1897
New Orleans (La.)
Ouachita County (Ark.)
Pipkin, John F., 1809-1890
Steamboats -- Arkansas -- Camden -- 1840-1860

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Unrestricted access.

Restrictions on Use

Non-circulating, in-house use only.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

John H. Dawson papers, MSS.13.26, Butler Center for Arkansas Studies, Arkansas Studies Institute

Acquisition Information

Purchased, 2013


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