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1st Arkansas Cavalry (US) materials

1st Arkansas Cavalry (US) materials

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Open Finding Aid

Finding aid for the 1st Arkansas Cavalry (US) materials

BC.MSS.10.06

Butler Center for Arkansas Studies
100 Rock Street
Little Rock, Arkansas, 72201
(501) 320-5700
arkinfo@cals.org

April 19, 2011



Repository: Butler Center for Arkansas Studies
Creator:Central Arkansas Library System. Butler Center for Arkansas Studies. (Little Rock, Ark.)
Title: 1st Arkansas Cavalry (US) materials
Dates: 1862-1865
Quantity: 0.21 Linear feet
Abstract:The collection contains documents relating to the service of the 1st Arkansas Cavalry (US) and the 6th Missouri Cavalry.
Identification: BC.MSS.10.06
Language: English

Arrangement

The collection is arranged chronologically, with new documents added to the end of the collection as they are scquired.


Scope and Contents

The collection contains documents relating to the service of the 1st Arkansas Cavalry (US) and the 6th Missouri Cavalry. The documents relate to the units' experiences in Arkansas and Missouri.


Biographical Information

With the support of John S. Phelps, a U.S. representative from Missouri and newly appointed Military Governor of Arkansas, the First Arkansas Cavalry was mustered into Federal service at Springfield, Missouri, starting in July 1862, to serve for three years or the duration of the war. Harrison was promoted to colonel and took command of the new regiment. New York native and Wisconsin cavalryman Albert W. Bishop became the regiment's lieutenant colonel.

The First Arkansas Cavalry performed poorly in its first battle at Prairie Grove on December 7, 1862. A sudden Confederate attack routed two regiments of Missouri cavalry, and these men fled through the ranks of the First Arkansas. The ensuing panic sent hundreds of Missouri and Arkansas soldiers streaming to the rear. The First Arkansas was ordered to garrison Fayetteville after its embarrassing performance at Prairie Grove.

Confederate forces under General William Cabell attacked the Union garrison at Fayetteville on April 18, 1863. Both the Union and Confederate forces were composed entirely of Arkansas regiments. This battle was the first time Union troops from Arkansas defended their state alone. The victory was a great boost for the Union cause in Arkansas, and even Cabell complimented the heroic stand of the Arkansas Federals.

After a brief evacuation, caused by equipment shortages and no available reinforcements, the First Arkansas returned to Fayetteville in September 1863 and garrisoned the town for the duration of the war. During this time, the regiment escorted wagon trains, conducted patrols, and skirmished with guerrillas on an almost daily basis.

The First Arkansas Union Cavalry was mustered out of the service at Fayetteville in August 1865. Of the 1,765 men who served in the regiment during the war, 110 were killed or mortally wounded. Accidents or disease claimed the lives of another 235.

**This information is an edited version of Michael L. Price's article "First Arkansas Union Cavalry" from The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture.


Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.

Cassville (Mo.)
Fayetteville (Ark.)
Fort Smith (Ark.)
Johnson, Benjamin F.
Mack, Rowen E. M.
North, Reuben
Rolla (Mo.)
Springfield (Mo.)
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
United States. Army. Arkansas Cavalry Regiment, 1st. (1862-1865)
United States. Army. Missouri Cavalry Regiment, 6th.

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Unrestricted access.

Restrictions on Use

Non-circulating, in-house use only.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

1st Arkansas Cavalry (US) materials, MSS.10.06, Butler Center for Arkansas Studies, Arkansas Studies Institute

Acquisition Information

Purchased, 2010; 2015


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