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Robert C. Gilliam Civil War letters

Robert C. Gilliam Civil War letters

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Open Finding Aid

Finding aid for the Robert C. Gilliam Civil War letters

BC.MSS.11.16

Butler Center for Arkansas Studies
100 Rock Street
Little Rock, Arkansas, 72201
(501) 320-5700
arkinfo@cals.org

April 12, 2011



Repository: Butler Center for Arkansas Studies
Creator:Gilliam, Robert Cornelius, 1820-1864
Title: Robert C. Gilliam Civil War letters
Dates: 1863-1864
Quantity: 0.21 Linear feet
Abstract:The collection consists of personal Civil War correspondence between Robert C. Gilliam and his wife Frances I. Gilliam.
Identification: BC.MSS.11.16
Language: English

Arrangement

This collection is arranged chronologically.


Scope and Contents

The collection consists of personal Civil War correspondence between Robert C. Gilliam and his wife Frances I. Gilliam.


Biographical Information

Robert Cornelius Gilliam was born about 1820, in Virginia. He settled in Paraclifta, Sevier County after migrating to Arkansas, and in 1849, married Frances I. Russey, the daughter of a prominent Sevier County planter.

Gilliam, a farmer and merchant, owned a large plantation on the Cossatot River and a store in Paraclifta. In November 1863, Gilliam enlisted as a private with Company A, 50th Arkansas Militia. He later served in Pettus' Battalion Arkansas State Troops as 1st lieutenant. The battalion performed routine patrol duties between Washington and Arkadelphia.

Gilliam corresponded with his wife during the war with greetings to his children, camp news, instructions to his slaves, and the operation of the farm during his absence. On April 18, 1864, in the last letter to his wife, he describes an encounter near Camden, Arkansas, with a Union foraging party, the capture of two hundred and forty wagons and the death of three to four hundred African-American soldiers [1st Kansas United States Colored Troops]. The Union defeat at Poison Spring was followed one week later by a Confederate victory at Marks' Mill, where Gilliam was killed on April 25, 1864.


Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.

1st Battalion, Arkansas State Troops.
Arkansas -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
Arkansas. Militia
Arkansas. Militia. (50th)
Gilliam, Frances I., b. 1854
Gilliam, Robert Cornelius, 1820-1864
Poison Springs, Battle of, Ark., 1864

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Unrestricted access.

Restrictions on Use

Non-circulating, in-house use only.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Robert C. Gilliam Civil War letters, MSS.11.16, Butler Center for Arkansas Studies, Arkansas Studies Institute

Acquisition Information

Purchased, 2011


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