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Central High School anniversary collection

Central High School anniversary collection

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Finding aid for the Central High School anniversary collection

BC.MSS.09.33

Butler Center for Arkansas Studies
100 Rock Street
Little Rock, Arkansas, 72201
(501) 320-5700
arkinfo@cals.org

July 19, 2016



Repository: Butler Center for Arkansas Studies
Creator:Rutherford, Skip
Title: Central High School anniversary collection
Dates: 1957-2007
Quantity: 2.5 Linear feet
Abstract:The collection contains planning and programming material for the 40th and 50th Central High School anniversary commemorations along with other related material.
Identification: BC.MSS.09.33
Language: English

Arrangement

This collection is arranged topically.


Scope and Contents

The collection contains planning and programming material for the 40th and 50th Central High School anniversary commemorations along with other related material.


Biographical Information

Little Rock Central High School was the focal point of the Little Rock Integration Crisis of 1957. On September 4, 1957, African American students were blocked entrance into the school by the National Guard and State Troopers on the order of Governor Orval Faubus.

As school continued for white students, the school's nine black students had to keep up with studies on their own. On September 23, the students entered the school by the side door, while the mob outside was diverted by an attack on a group of African American newsmen. Violence erupted so swiftly that officials decided to remove the students and they were rushed out of the school to their homes in police cars.

President Dwight D. Eisenhower eventually issued a proclamation to federalize the National Guard and ordered the U.S. Army’s 101st Airborne Division to Little Rock. On September 25th, the 101st escorted the nine black students into the school, and they attended classes guarded by soldiers. These students were later known as the Little Rock Nine.

The 40th anniversary of the school’s historic integration was commemorated in September 1997 and the 50th in September 2007. The Anniversary Commission is comprised of members appointed by the Mayor’s Office, City of Little Rock and is responsible for organizing the ten year commemorations.

Central High School was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977 and it became a National Historic Landmark in 1982.


Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.

Central High School (Little Rock, Ark.) -- History
Civil rights -- Arkansas
Women's Emergency Committee (Little Rock, Ark.)

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Unrestricted access.

Restrictions on Use

Non-circulating, in-house use only.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Central High School anniversary collection, MSS. 09.33, Butler Center for Arkansas Studies, Arkansas Studies Institute.

Acquisition Information

Donated by Skip Rutherford, 2009.


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