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Orville W. Taylor papers

Orville W. Taylor papers

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Open Finding Aid

Finding aid for the Orville W. Taylor papers

BC.MSS.02.01

Butler Center for Arkansas Studies
100 Rock Street
Little Rock, Arkansas, 72201
(501) 320-5700
arkinfo@cals.org

August 9, 2012



Repository: Butler Center for Arkansas Studies
Creator:Taylor, Orville W., 1917-2000
Title: Orville W. Taylor papers
Dates: Bulk, 1977-1986
Dates: 1841-1996
Quantity: 5.5 Linear feet
Abstract:The collection contains the personal papers, writings and historical research materials of Orville W. Taylor
Identification: BC.MSS.02.01
Language: English

Arrangement

The collection is arranged in alphabetical order.


Scope and Contents

The collection contains the personal papers, writings and historical research material of Orville W. Taylor


Biographical Information

History professor, Orville Walter Taylor, Ph.D. was born September 20, 1917 in El Dorado, Arkansas, the son of Baptist minister, William Oscar (W.O.) and Minnie Taylor. He graduated from Berryville High School, Berryville, Arkansas in 1934 and moved to Corning and lived from 1935-1939. He entered college at Ouachita Baptist College in Arkadelphia in 1941 where he met his wife Evelyn Bonham of Little Rock. The couple married in Syracuse, New York in 1942. While at Ouachita Baptist, he was drafted into the United States Signal Corps before the beginning of World War II. He served in the Army Air Force as a lieutenant colonel during World War II, served as a captain in the reserves, and was recalled for duty during the Korean War Conflict. He retired from the Air Force in 1977.

Taylor returned to college in 1946 and graduated a year later with a degree in English. In 1948, he received a M.A. in history from the University of Kentucky and after completing a residence for his Ph.D. at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina, he moved to Little Rock and taught at Little Rock Junior College (now the University of Arkansas at Little Rock). He received his Ph.D. in 1956.

Taylor taught history at Baptist College in Nigeria, West Africa from 1956-1962. He took leave from that position to return to Little Rock to fill an honorary position from 1958-1959 as one of two acting directors appointed to the Arkansas History Commission during the illness and leave of Tom R. Worley, Ph.D. He then served as chairman of the Department of History and Geography at Georgia College in Milledgeville from 1969-1980s.

His research emphasis was Arkansas religion and slavery. His most renowned work "Negro Slavery in Arkansas" was published in 1958 by Duke University Press and republished by the University of Arkansas Press in 2000. Taylor wrote the "Arkansas" chapter in Religion in the Southern States by Samuel S. Hill in 1983. He also served as an Arkansas humanities scholar for "Persistence of the Spirit: The Black Experience in Arkansas" exhibit and publication where he researched and authored "Black Pioneers Before 1803" for the project.

Orville W. Taylor died on December 31, 2000 in Jacksonville, Florida. He is buried at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia.


Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.

Arkansas -- History
Taylor, Ira W., 1926-
Taylor, Michael, 1947-
Taylor, William Oscar (W.O.), b. 1891

Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

Unrestricted access

Restrictions on Use

Non-circulating, in-house use only


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Orville W. Taylor papers, MSS.02.01, Butler Center for Arkansas Studies, Arkansas Studies Institute

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Donated by Evelyn Taylor, 2002


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